THE DELAGOA BAY WORLD

24/04/2018

MULHER E CRIANÇA NA PRAIA DA POLANA EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, 1933

O Ilustrado, suplemento do Notícias de Lourenço Marques, 1 de Maio de 1933, Nº3, página 37.

Anúncios

TRÊS OBRAS SOBRE MOÇAMBIQUE DE ANTÓNIO CARLOS PEREIRA CABRAL, 1972 E 1975

Filed under: António Carlos Pereira Cabral autor — ABM @ 20:45

Grato ao Ricardo Cabral, filho de António Carlos Pereira Cabral o autor destas obras.

Grato ao Magno Antunes, que, de Braga, se lembra e se deu à maçada de digitalizar estas duas obras.

 

Para ler online, ver Aqui.

 

Para ler online, ver Aqui.

 

 

Em Abril de 2018, estava à venda Aqui por 35 paus. Não conheço uma versão consultável na internet.

KAREL POTT E GENTIL DOS SANTOS, ATLETAS OLÍMPICOS DE MOÇAMBIQUE, 1924

Artigo copiado da Gazeta das Colónias de 17 de Julho de 1924.

Karel Pott e Gentil dos Santos viajaram de Lourenço Marques até Paris, onde representaram Portugal nos Jogos Olímpicos, realizados em Paris no Verão de 1924. Foram os primeiros atletas olímpicos oriundos de Moçambique.

 

Página 19.

 

Página 20.

23/04/2018

O GOLPE DE 25 DE ABRIL DE 1974 EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, VISTO PELO CONSULADO AMERICANO

Segundo a base de dados Wikileaks, estas são as quatro primeiras mensagens enviadas do Consulado Norte-Americano em Lourenço Marques no dia 25 de Abril de 1974, quando ocorreu o golpe militar em Lisboa que abriu o caminho para a independência do território, e nos dias que se seguiram.

Todas as mensagens são assinadas por Hendrik Van Oss, Cônsul-Geral dos EUA em Lourenço Marques entre 1971-1974, e que foi o seu último posto antes de se reformar. Van Oss, que se pode inferir que era da “velha escola”, deu uma interessantíssima entrevista em 1991 sobre a sua experiência em Moçambique que pode ser lida AQUI e da qual retirei esta pérola (mas há mais):

One point I want to make now is that the coup in Portugal took everybody in
Mozambique by surprise. Perhaps it shouldn’t have, but it did. It even took Frelimo by
surprise. Shortly after the coup, General Costa Gomes, Army Chief of Staff in Portugal,
who landed on his feet during this coup…he was Kaulza de Arriaga’s great enemy because
Kaulza had once blown the whistle on him for attempting a coup d’etat in Portugal years
ago, and Costa Gomes never forgave him for that, anyway he came to Lourenco Marques
and offered a cease-fire.

In other words, Portugal offered Mozambique to Frelimo on a silver platter. Frelimo
propaganda right up to that time had been along the lines that everybody should be
prepared for a long struggle, which would continue if necessary for 15 years. Suddenly
Frelimo was presented with the opportunity to take charge and they weren’t prepared for
it. They couldn’t take over immediately. They had to establish an interim government. I
think it took at least a year before they actually took over formally and became the official
government, although they were certainly involved in all decisions almost from April 25
on.

Talvez a mais curiosa seja a primeira mensagem de Van Oss, relativa a uma suposta instrução escrita por nada menos que Sua Alteza o Aga Khan, a ordenar que os seus seguidores abandonassem Moçambique imediatamente e  que antecedeu mesmo a informação do golpe em Lisboa.

Mensagem 1: Quinta-Feira, 25 de Abril de 1974, 12:25 horas

Msg 01

1. WE HAVE HEARD RUMOR CIRCULATING AROUND LOURENCO MARQUES’
INDIAN COMMUNITY THAT AGA KHAN FOLLOWERS (ISMAILI) HAVE
BEEN INSTRUCTED BY AGA KHAN TO LEAVE MOZAMBIQUE AND
ESTABLISH THEMSELVES IN ANOTHER COUNTRY WITH MORE PROMISING
ECONOMIC CLIMATE –E.G. EITHER METROPOLITAN PORTUGAL OR
CANADA. AGA KHAN’S LETTER TO ISMAILIAN COMMUNITY REPORTEDLY
INDICATED HE BELIEVED THAT MOZAMBIPUE WOULD BE OVERRUN BY
TERRORISM WITHIN TWO YEARS.

2. INDIAN AND PAKISTANI SOURCES SAY THAT SOME AGA KHAN
FOLLOWERS HAVE ALREADY LEFT AND OTHERS ARE PREPARING TO
CLOSE DOWN SHOPS IN LOURENCO MARQUES. THEY ARE ALLEGEDLY
OFFERING 60 PERCENT MORE IN MOZAMBIQUE ESCUDOS FOR PORTU-
GUESE ESCUDOS THAN REQUIRED BY OFFICIAL EXCHANGE RATE.
VAN OSS

(fim)

Mensagem 2: Quinta-Feira, 25 de Abril de 1974, 15:15 horas

Msg 2 01/02

Msg 2 02/02 end

(fim)

Mensagem 3: Sexta-Feira, 26 de Abril de 1974, 09:50 horas

Msg 03 01

1. NEWS OF COUP IN PORTUGAL BEGAN TO TRICKLE IN THROUGH
INTERNATIONAL RADIO BROADCASTS EARLY IN MORNING OF APRIL 25
AND NEWS FIRST REACHED CONGEN SHORTLY AFTER BBC 10 O’CLOCK
NEWSCAST.

2. CITY REMAINED CALM THROUGHOUT THE DAY AND NIGHT, WITH
CLOSEST THING TO EXCITEMENT BEING CROWDS OF PEOPLE MOBBING
NEWS BOYS SELLING SPECIAL LATE EVENING EDITION OF TRIBUNA
WHICH CARRIED COMPLETE ANI ACCOUNT OF LISBON EVENTS FROM
0814 IN MORNING TO 1901 IN EVENING.

3. CONTRARY TO BBC BROADCAST, THERE WERE NO EXTRA MILITARY
OR GUARDS IN EVIDENCE AROUND GOVT BUILDINGS. DESPITE RUMORED

PAGE 02 LOUREN 00278 261057Z

HOUSE ARREST OF GOVERNOR GENERAL (WHICH STILL UNCONFIRMED),
THERE WERE ONLY TWO GUARDS TO BE SEEN AT EACH ENTRANCE TO
HIS RESIDENCE, AS NORMAL.

4. RUMOR THAT MILITARY POLICE HAD IMPOSED AN OBLIGATORY
CURFEW IN THE CITY STARTING AT 2100 WAS LATER OFFICIALLY
DENIED. ATTENDANCE AT CINEMAS, HOWEVER, WAS SIGNIFICANTLY
LOWER THAN USUAL.

5. MORNING PRESS OF APRIL 26 ALSO CARRIES FULL ACCOUNT OF
EVENTS IN PORTUGAL AS WELL AS SEMI-OFFICIAL (OFFICIOSO)
GOVT NOTE STATING THAT NEWS FROM LISBON INDICATED THAT
MILITARY MOVEMENT HAD ERUPTED, WHICH HAD SUPPORT OF VARIOUS
UNITS OF ARMED FORCES AND WHICH OBTAINED RESIGNATION OF
PRIME MINISTER CAETANO. WHILE THERE WAS NOT YET ANY OFFICIAL
INFORMATION, POWER HAD APPARENTLY BEEN ASSUMED BY MILITARY
JUNTA WHOSE MEMBERSHIP HAD NOT BEEN ANNOUNCED AS OF 2230
HOURS LOCAL TIME APRIL 25. NOTE CONTINUED THAT GOVERNOR
GENERAL, IN STRICT COOPERATION WITH CIVIL AND MILITARY
AUTHORITIES, WILL TRY TO ASSURE CONTINUED NORMALCY OF LIFE
IN THE STATE OF MOZAMBIQUE AND COUNTS ON POPULATION TO
MAINTAIN COMPLETE CALM AND CONFIDENCE DURING THESE MOMENTS.
WHEN MORE PRECISE INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE, IT WILL BE
MADE PUBLIC.

6. NO HARD INFORMATION YET AVAILABLE ON REACTIONS IN BEIRA
AND NAMPULA, ALTHOUGH ACCORDING ONE REPORT, COMMANDER-IN-
CHIEF BASTO MACHADO IS “STILL AT HIS DESK.” VARIOUS PRO-
VINCIAL SECRETARIES SEEN YESTERDAY BY MY BRITISH COLLEAGUE,
WHO IS HOSTING A BRITISH TRADE MISSION, SEEMED RELAXED AND
QUITE EAGER TO VENT CRITICISM OF FORMER CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
IN LISBON OVER ITS FAILURE TO PAY SUFFICIENT ATTENTION TO
MOZAMBIQUE’S NEEDS.

7. DR. JOANA SIMIAO CHECKED IN APRIL 26 TO SAY NEW DEVELOP-
MENTS HAVE CHANGED GUMO PLANS AND SHE NO LONGER EXPECTS
TAKE GUMO CASE BEFORE UN COMMITTEE WITHIN FORESEEABLE FUTURE,
AS PROBLEM HAS NOW BECOME PURELY AN INTERNAL ONE. SHE
EXPECTS TO REDOUBLE EFFORTS TO BRING GUMO OBJECTIVES BEFORE
PUBLIC AND TO WORK OPENLY TO ESTABLISH GUMO AS FULL-FLEDGED
POLITICAL ORGANIZATION READY TO PARTICIPATE IN THE COMING

PAGE 03 LOUREN 00278 261057Z

ELECTIONS PROMISED IN SPINOLA’S SPEECH.

8. COMMENT: WHILE TOO EARLY MAKE DEFINITIVE JUDGMENT,
OUR FIRST IMPRESSION IS THAT MAJORITY OF ARTICULATE POPU-
LATION OVERWHELMINGLY FAVORS NEW DEVELOPMENT, AND WHILE
SOME EXPRESS QUALMS OVER PREDOMINANTLY MILITARY ASPECTS OF
NEW CONTROLLING GROUP, SENTIMENT IS THAT THINGS COULDN’T
POSSIBLY BE WORSE THAN THEY HAVE BEEN. EVERYONE SEEMS
DELIGHTED AT FIRST UNCENSORED PRESS ACCOUNTS SEEN HERE IN
OVER FORTY YEARS. LIFE IN LOURENCO MARQUES GOES ON NORMALLY
AND GOVT OFFICIALS CONTINUE CARRY OUT THEIR FUNCTIONS.
VAN OSS

(fim)

Mensagem 4: Domingo, 28 de Abril de 1974, 08:30 horas

 

Msg 4 01/08

1. LIFE IN LOURENCO MARQUES CONTINUES IN NORMAL FASHION.
BEIRA, NAMPULA AND TETE ALL REPORTED CALM. LOCAL NEWSPAPERS
OF PAST TWO DAYS HAVE CARRIED FULL ACCOUNTS OF SPINOLA
TAKEOVER BASED ON ANI REPORTS, INCLUDING ENTIRE PROGRAM OF
NATIONAL SALVATION JUNTA WITH ITS ANNOUNCEMENT OF GOVERNOR
GENERAL’S DISMISSAL AND TEMPORARY ASSUMPTION OF GOVERNING
POWERS BY SECRETARY GENERAL. REPORTEDLY, GOVERNOR GENERAL
PIMENTEL DOS SANTOS HAS REFUSED TO ACCEPT DISMISSAL BASED
ON PRESS PROCLAMATION, AND INSISTS HE WILL STEP DOWN ONLY
ON WRITTEN INSTRUCTIONS THROUGH CHANNELS. NO DOUBT DISMISSAL

PAGE 02 LOUREN 00282 281238Z

WILL EVENTUALLY STICK, AND WILL BE REGARDED WITH CONSIDERABLE
SATISFACTION AS DOS SANTOS IS NOT POPULAR HERE. THERE IS
NO OUTWARD EVIDENCE OF JUNTA CONTROL. NO LOCAL JUNTA REPRE-
SENTATIVE HAS YET BEEN NAMED. SO FAR AS IS KNOWN, ALL
GOVERNMENT FUNCTIONS STILL BEING CARRIED OUT BY USUAL
PERSONNEL ACTING UNDER OWN MOMENTUM WITHOUT DIRECT INSTRU-
CTIONS FROM JUNTA. SOME THOUGHT GENERAL MARIO DIEGO NETO,
CHIEF OF AIR FORCE IN MOZAMBIQUE AND MEMBER OF JUNTA, MIGHT
ASSUME OVERALL COMMAND. HOWEVER, TRIBUNA OF APRIL 26 REPORTS
HE HAS FLOWN TO LISBON.

2. DESPITE FULL COVERAGE OF FACTS, THERE HAS YET BEEN NO
EDITORIAL COMMENT IN LOCAL PRESS ON TAKEOVER. WE WERE
TOLD BY ONE EDITOR AND LONG-TIME OPPONENT OF FORMER REGIME,
THAT AFTER YEARS OF WORRYING ABOUT CENSOR’S RED PENCIL AND
WRITING IN PARABLES TO CONVEY THOUGHTS WITHOUT SAYING THINGS
OPENLY, HE AND HIS COLLEAGUES FIND THEMSELVES STYMIED BY
THEIR NEW-FOUND FREEDOM AND UNABLE TO EXPRESS THEMSELVES.
THIS WILL NO DOUBT PASS.

3. REPORTEDLY, COMMANDER IN CHIEF BASTO MACHADO HAS SENT
TELEGRAM TO LISBON SUPPORTING JUNTA. IF TRUE, THIS SHOULD
REMOVE ANY LINGERING DOUBT OVER HOW PORTUGUESE ARMED FORCE
IN MOZAMBIQUE WILL REACT. MANY YOUNGER OFFICERS HAD PRE-
VIOUSLY INDICATED THEIR SUPPORT FOR SPINOLA AFTER HIS
DISMISSAL FOLLOWING PUBLICATION OF HIS BOOK. REACTION OF THE
HIGHER OFFICERS WAS THE ONLY REMAINING QUESTION MARK.

4. BBC AND SOUTH AFRICAN MEDIA HAVE BEEN SUGGESTING POSSI-
BILITY OF WHITE UDI IN MOZAMBIQUE ALONG LINES OF RHODSIAN
MODEL. NO ONE HERE CONSIDERS THIS TO BE IN THE CARDS. WHITE
MINORITY IS NOT SUFFICIENTLY DISCIPLINED, NUMEROUS, OR UNITED
TO CONTEMPLATE GOING IT ALONE. IT LACKS ANY POWER BASE, AND
WITHOUT ACTIVE SUPPORT FROM THE ARMED FORCES, A UDI MOVE-
MENT WOULD BE DOOMED FROM THE START. THERE HAS IN PAST BEEN
SOME UDI SENTIMENT, PARTICULARLY AMONG THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY
IN BEIRA. BUT AFTER RECENT DEMONSTRATIONS AIMED AT ARMY IN
THAT CITY, CHANCES OF ARMY SUPPORT ARE NIL. THIS DOES NOT
DENY THAT MOST BUSINESSMEN WOULD WELCOME LESS STRINGENT
CONTROL FROM LISBON OVER ECONOMIC MATTERSGM BUT THEY STILL
COUNT ON THE METROPOLE TO LOOK OUT FOR WELFARE OF ITS WHITE

PAGE 03 LOUREN 00282 281238Z

CITIZENS OVERSEAS, TO PROVIDE PERSONNEL AND EQUIPMENT FOR
CARRYING ON WAR AGAINST FRELIMO GUERRILLAS, AND TO GIVE
FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE WHEN REQUIRED.

5. ON MORE CAREFUL OBSERVATION, WHAT WE REPORTED AS FAVORABLE
REACTION TO TAKEOVER, (SEE REFTEL) MAY NOT BE SO FAVORABLE
AS WE HAD THOUGHT. WHILE FEW DEFEND THE FORMER GOVERNMENT,
A NUMBER ARE DISPLAYING CONCERN OVER THE MILITARY CHARACTER
OF THE NEW RULING JUNTA, POINTING OUT THAT HISTORY SHOWS FEW
MILITARY GOVERNMENTS TURN OUT TO BE AS PROGRESSIVE AS THEIR
ORIGINAL PROCLAMATIONS PROFESS, AND THAT THE FREEDOMS BEING
RESTORED MAY TURN OUT TO BE SHORT-LIVED. OTHERS WORRY ABOUT
THE IMPACT OF THE COUP ON THE AFRICAN MAJORITY, (ALTHOUGH
THUS FAR THERE HAS BEEN NO INDICATION HOW THE AFRICANS WILL
REACT), FEARING THAT A REFERENDUM WILL SPEED THE EVENTUAL
TAKEOVER OF POWER BY THE AFRICANS AND CONSEQUENT ABANDONMENT
BY THE METROPOLE. I HAVE EVEN HEARD THE VIEW THAT THE COUP
WAS ACTUALLY ENGINEERED BY CAETANO HIMSELF AS A MEANS OF
FORCING THROUGH CHANGES WHICH HE COULD NOT BRING ABOUT
BECAUSE OF RIGHTIST OPPOSITION. THERE IS THUS CONSIDERABLE
CONFUSION; PEOPLE DON’T KNOW WHAT TO EXPECT AND ARE WAITING
TO SEE WHAT WILL HAPPEN NEXT.

6. NO REACTION YET FROM FRELIMO, ALTHOUGH IT IS EXPECTED
TO BE SIMILAR TO THOSE EXPRESSED BY PAIGC AND ANGOLAN LIBE-
RATION MOVEMENTS. NO FRELIMO GUERRILLA ACTIVITY HAS BEEN
REPORTED SINCE SPINOLA TAKEOVER, BUT THIS PROBABLY COINCI-
DENCE.
VAN OSS

(fim)

18/04/2018

CONVÍVIO NA PRAIA DA POLANA EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, 1906

O Ilustrado, 15 de Agosto de 1933, Nº10, página 188.

 

17/04/2018

MARIA SEQUEIRA MENDES ROCHA, A PRIMEIRA AVIADORA DE MOÇAMBIQUE, 1933

Recorte de O Ilustrado, suplemento do Notícias de Lourenço Marques,  1 de Abril de 1934, Nº24, página 559.

 

VITOR VLADIMIRO COM MANUELA ARRAIANO NO RÁDIO CLUBE DE MOÇAMBIQUE, ANOS 50

Foto de Nuno Castelo Branco.

 

Vitor Vladimiro, à direita, com Manuela Arraiano, estrela do Rádio Clube de Moçambique. Não identifiquei a senhora no meio.

O KRAAL DE GUNGUNHANA EM MANGUANHANA, ESTUDADO POR FRANCISCO TOSCANO

Filed under: Gungunhana - líder tribal, Kraal de Gungunhana — ABM @ 23:46

O Ilustrado, 1 de Novembro de 1933, Nº15, página 306.

Ora eis uma excelente ideia para o turismo moçambicano: a reconstituição deste local.

(Nota oportuna do Exmo Leitor Fernando Silva Morgado, editada: “Francisco Toscano nasceu em 1873 e faleceu em 1943 (as datas de dia e meses destes eventos não consegui apurar). Combatente sob as ordens do capitão Mouzinho de Albuquerque, acabou por ser o seu biógrafo, em África, sendo um dos dois autores do livro “A Derrocada do Império Vátua” e “Mouzinho de Albuquerque”, editado pela Editora Portugal Ultramar, Ldª., salvo erro em 1930, obras de que um dos exemplares faz parte da minha pequeníssima biblioteca, e que pessoalmente considero, mesmo com bastante exagero, como a minha “Bíblia”.
Depois de terminada a campanha fixou-se em Moçambique, ocupou diversos lugares nos Serviços de Administração Civil tendo chegado a ser o Administrador da Circunscrição dos Muchopes em 1928.)

16/04/2018

ALUNOS NO LICEU SALAZAR EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, 1969

Filed under: Alunos do Liceu Salazar LM 1969, LM Liceu Salazar — ABM @ 14:18

X

X

ALUNOS DE PIANO EM AUDIÇÃO NO HOTEL POLANA EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, 1933

Em O Ilustrado, suplemento do Notícias de Lourenço Marques, 15 de Julho de 1933, Nº8, pág. 138.

 

14/04/2018

DESFILE DE CARNAVAL NA BAIXA DE LOURENÇO MARQUES, ANOS 50

Fotos de Júlio Costa, retocadas.

 

Júlio Costa e a sua irmã num desfile de Carnaval na Baixa de Lourenço Marques, anos 50.

 

O Pai de Júlio Costa, desfilando numa carroça.

13/04/2018

CARTÃO DE IDENTIDADE DE REPÓRTER FOTOGRÁFICO DE JOAQUIM CARLOS VIEIRA, 1982

Joaquim Carlos Vieira é profissional de fotografia e vídeo. Cresceu em Moçambique antes e depois de 1975. O seu Pai é o fotógrafo Carlos Alberto Vieira, lendário expoente máximo da fotografia feita em Moçambique até hoje, infelizmente quase “apagado” do registo.

 

A credencial de repórter fotográfico de Joaquim Carlos Vieira no jornal Notícias, Abril de 1982, quando o Notícias fazia parte da máquina de propaganda do regime comunista de partido único em que o partido único era a Frelimo (as outras peças da máquina eram a Rádio Moçambique, a Televisão de Moçambique e a Agência de Informação de Moçambique). Pouco supreendentemente, o director que assina o documento em cima é nada menos que António Emílio Leite Couto, hoje mais conhecido pelo seu nom de guerre, Mia Couto. O Notícias, que nos tempos dos portugueses às tantas também se tornou um jornal oficioso do regime, também com censura e tudo, eventualmente passou a ser detido pelo Banco Nacional Ultramarino, que a seguir à independência passou a ser o banco central de Moçambique, que continuou alegremente a deter o jornal nos 40 anos seguintes. Só recentemente foi alienado para uma holding pública. A seguir levou uma vassourada mas basicamente continua a ser o que sempre foi.

JOVENS NA PRAIA DA POLANA EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, AGOSTO DE 1933

Fotografia retirada do suplemento O Ilustrado, do Notícias de Lourenço Marques, Nº9, 1 de Agosto de 1933, página 153, retocada por mim.

Duas jovens posam na Praia da Polana em Lourenço Marques, 1933. Ao fundo, o Almeida Pier.

11/04/2018

A PRINCESA PATRICIA DE CONNAUGHT

Em Lourenço Marques havia duas artérias, uma com o nome da Princesa Patrícia e outra com um dos títulos dos seus pais, os Duques de Connaught, que visitaram a Cidade no início de 1906. O Duque de Connaught era irmão do então Rei Eduardo VII do Reino Unido.

A Princesa Patrícia, cerca de 1890. Era neta da Rainha Vitória.

ANTÓNIO LUIZ RAFAEL, ENTREVISTA COM A HISTÓRIA, MARÇO DE 2017

Ver esta entrevista, dividida em baixo em 15 curtas secções, foi um raro e enorme prazer.

Com profunda vénia ao Projecto Arquivo de Memória Oral das Profissões da Comunicação, da Escola Superior de Comunicação (Lisboa), que gravou uma interessantíssima conversa entre António Luiz Rafael e a Doutora Júlia Leitão de Barros, registada por Paulo Barbosa, na cidade portuguesa de Évora em 27 de Março de 2017.

António Luiz Rafael, 85 anos de idade, nasceu em Lisboa a 6 de Fevereiro de 1933. Iniciou a sua actividade profissional em Portugal como locutor de rádio. Em 1956 foi para Moçambique, onde trabalhou no Rádio Clube de Moçambique em Lourenço Marques até ao final de 1975. Após o golpe de Estado de 25 Abril de 1974 e a declaração formal da independência, saiu de Moçambique e foi trabalhar para a Rádio Televisão Portuguesa em Lisboa, onde fez locução, jornalismo e entrevista. Mais tarde chefiou o Centro de Produção Regional de Évora da RTP. Está reformado desde 2003 e vive em Évora. Em 2016, publicou um romance.

Segue a entrevista de Júlia Leitão de Barros, que tudo isto aborda, em secções suaves e indexadas.

Parte 1/15 – Origens * Formação * Rádios em Lisboa * Rádio peninsular

Parte 2/15 – Rádio peninsular * Rádio Clube Português * Lourenço Marques * Grémio dos radiófilos * Rádio Clube de Moçambique

Parte 3/15 – Rádio Clube Moçambique * Censura * como se emitia reportagem * meios técnicos e humanos do RCM * teatro radiofónico

Parte 4/15 –  Organização dos turnos * RCM – informação * RCM – Ambiente trabalho * “Em africa é que eramos felizes” Censura * Financiamento do canal inglês * RCM – Financiamento * Ordenados * RCM – Programa “A hora das vedetas” Locutor / Jornalista * Entrevista a Salazar em Lisboa

Parte 5/15 – A guerra em Moçambique * RCM – Emissões em dialectos * As estrelas da rádio * revista rádio moçambique * O Nível do Português usado na Rádio * o Guião radiofónico * Sonoplastia * Centros de emissão regionais em dialeto * Rivalidades * Ser o primeiro a passar um disco * Telefonemas dos ouvintes de rádio * Espectáculos radiofónicos ao vivo

Parte 6/15 – Estudos de audiência * Custo da Publicidade * Publicidade Lida e Jingles * As radio-novelas importadas de Portugal * 25 Abril 1974 * a nova direção da RCM * 7 setembro assalto ao RCM * motivos vinda para lisboa * entrada na RTP * Formação em televisão * Formação na RTP * O telejornal da meia-noite * Os saneamentos na RTP em 1975 * Locutor / Jornalista * processo de trabalho de fazer reportagem em película * a composição da equipa reportagem * reportagens de ultima hora emitidas com bobines de imagem e som magnético separadas * “era uma época heroica” * a introdução do computador

Parte 7/15 – Os operadores imagem * trabalho em equipa * o guião de reportagem * o poder de síntese

Parte 8/25 – Jornalista que nunca fez publicidade * publicidade televisão dentro da informação * a nova geração de jornalistas formados * “calinadas em telejornais”

Parte 9/15 – Rádio e televisão atuais * “interpretações miseráveis” * “irritada ao ponto de partir a televisão”

Parte 10/15 – RTP regiões * Mudança para Évora * agenda regional / nacional * caso dos hemofílicos de Évora * relação com os políticos * Guterres casos com Cavaco Silva

Parte 11/15 – Reconhecimento da profissão repórter * Informação tendenciosa

Parte 12/15 – Motivos de orgulho * A preferência pela rádio * “a televisão é uma casa onde as pessoas tentam subir pelas costas do parceiro” * ambiente trabalho na televisão * balanço da profissão * critica ao ensino actual

Parte 13/15 – Quem gostava mais de entrevistar * o ensino da comunicação social * os jornalistas e os precários * Daniel Oliveira * Henrique Cymerman * Pedro coelho * “não temos moderadores em Portugal” * géneros jornalísticos preferidos * guerras na tv para ir ao estrangeiro

Parte 14/15 – Final da carreira na Televisão * Diário do Sul * Inicio da carreira de escritor * memórias de moçambique * considerações sobre TV actual

Parte 15/15 – Consequências da passagem da película para vídeo * implicações na edição da reportagem

10/04/2018

ANÚNCIO DA FIRMA PAULINO DOS SANTOS GIL LDª, 1924

O original da revista está depositado na Hemeroteca de Lisboa, em Portugal.

 

Este anúncio apareceu numa edição da Revista das Colónias, 1924.

08/04/2018

IN MEMORIAM:

Simpáticas recordações de João de Sousa e de Nelson Silva, relativas ao meu Pai, no grande Big Slam, aqui e aqui, no dia do seu aniversário natalício, 23 de Março. De tudo isto e muito mais me recordo, como por exemplo do aniversário da minha Mãe, assinalado a 7 de Março. Ambas datas assinalo sempre, discretamente.

 

Da direita: Agostinho Campos, Botelho de Melo e Nelson Silva. Num jantar em Lourenço Marques anos 60.

 

O meu Pai a “entrevistar” João de Sousa, segundo ele numa sala do Aeroporto Sacadura Cabral na Beira.

 

Sete dos oito filhos de Botelho de Melo, entre eles eu(2º da esquerda), no relvado da piscina dos Pequeninos no Desportivo LM, 1964.

FOTO DE FAMÍLIA EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, DÉCADA DE 1920

Filed under: Foto de Familia em LM anos 1920 — ABM @ 18:17

Foto retocada, não sei quem são. Se algum Exmo. Leitor conhecer, por favor escreva uma nota.

 

Foto de família, anos 20.

O PAIOL DE LOURENÇO MARQUES, CERCA DE 1900, FOTOGRAFADO PELOS LAZARUS

Esta imagem faz parte do álbum Views of Lourenço Marques, publicado por Joseph e Maurice Lazarus.

O paiol, onde eram guardados os explosivos e material militar, foi construído mais ou menos no mesmo local onde hoje estão as piscinas do Desportivo, em frente à antiga Câmara Municipal de Lourenço Marques (depois tribunal da Relação). Foi demolido cerca de 1919 e o terreno foi aplanado como parte do grande Aterro da Maxaquene.

xx

07/04/2018

A VISITA DO PRÍNCIPE REAL DOM LUIZ FILIPE A LOURENÇO MARQUES, 1907

Copiado do Blog Real e da Hemeroteca de Lisboa. Imagens de Joseph e Maurice Lazarus.

D. Luiz Filipe, herdeiro da coroa de Portugal, visitou Moçambique em Julho-Setembro de 1907. Foi assassinado em 1 de Fevereiro de 1908 com o seu Pai, o Rei. D. Carlos I.

1 de 3.

 

2 de 3.

 

3 de 3.

 

postal alusivo à visita real.

O CAIS DE PASSAGEIROS DE LOURENÇO MARQUES, 1900, FOTO DOS IRMÃOS LAZARUS

Do álbum Views of Lourenço Marques, de Joseph e Maurice Lazarus.

O cais de passageiros de Lourenço Marques, cerca de 1900.

 

A mesma imagem, mais abrangente.

AL BOWLLY, LENDA DA MÚSICA DOS ANOS 30, NASCIDO EM LOURENÇO MARQUES

Filed under: Al Bowlly cantor nascido em LM — ABM @ 14:21

Antes de Bing Crosby, antes de Sinatra, houve Al Bowlly, que foi pioneiro na gravação de músicas clássicas da era das Big Bands e Jazz e na interpretação sob o seu próprio nome, numa altura em que, à excepção de Al Jolson,  os cantores ainda eram meros apêndices das orquestras. Nasceu por acaso na pequena Lourenço Marques em 7 de Janeiro de 1898, filho de pais gregos e libaneses e passou os primeiros anos da sua vida em Joanesburgo. Morreu em Londres durante o grande blitz alemão, em Abril de 1941, vítima duma bomba alemã, quando regressava a casa de um concerto. Teve uma carreira brilhante e atribulada entre 1927 e 1941.

 

Al Bowlly, anos 1930.

O site Alchetron, que descreve a sua vida, refere o seguinte:

Al Bowlly (7 January 1898-17 April 1941) was a Mozambican-born South African/British singer, songwriter, composer and band leader, who became a popular jazz crooner during the British dance band era of the 1930s and later worked in the United States. He recorded more than 1,000 records between 1927 and 1941. Bowlly was born in Lourenço Marques, in the then Portuguese colony of Mozambique, to Greek and Lebanese parents who met en route to Australia and moved to South Africa. Bowlly was brought up in Johannesburg. After a series of odd jobs across South Africa in his youth, including being a barber and a jockey, he gained his musical experience singing for a dance band led by Edgar Adeler on a tour of South Africa, Rhodesia, India and Indonesia during the mid-1920s. However, he fell out with Adeler and was fired from the band in Surabaya, Indonesia. After a spell with a Filipino band in Surabaya he was then employed by Jimmy Liquime in India. Bowlly worked his passage back home by busking[cantar nas ruas em troca de moedas].

Just one year after his 1927 debut recording date in Berlin, Germany, where he recorded Irving Berlin’s “Blue Skies” with Edgar Adeler, Bowlly arrived in London for the first time as part of Fred Elizalde’s orchestra, although he nearly didn’t make it after foolishly frittering away the fare money sent to him by Elizalde.

That year, “If I Had You” became one of the first popular songs by an English jazz band to become well known in America as well, and Bowlly had gone out on his own by the beginning of the 1930s. First, however, the onset of the Great Depression in 1929 resulted in Bowlly being made redundant and returning to several months of busking to survive. In the 1930s, he signed two contracts—one in May 1931 with Roy Fox, singing in his live band for the Monseigneur Restaurant in London, the other a record contract with Ray Noble’s orchestra in November 1930.

During the next four years, he recorded over 500 songs. By 1933 Lew Stone had ousted Fox as bandleader, and Bowlly was singing Stone’s arrangements with Stone’s band. After much radio exposure and a successful British tour with Stone, Bowlly was inundated with demands for personal appearances and gigs—including undertaking a subsequent solo British tour—but continued to make the bulk of his recordings with Noble. There was considerable competition between Noble and Stone for Bowlly’s time as, for much of the year, Bowlly would spend all day in the recording studio with Noble’s band, rehearsing and recording, only then to spend the evening playing live at the Monseigneur with Stone’s band. (Many of these Noble sides were issued in the United States by Victor, which meant that by the time Noble and Bowlly came to America, their reputation had preceded them.)

 

A visit to New York City in 1934 with Noble resulted in more success, and their recordings first achieved popularity in the United States; he appeared at the head of an orchestra hand-picked for him and Noble by Glenn Miller (the band included Claude Thornhill, Charlie Spivak and Bud Freeman, among others).

During the mid-1930s, such songs as “Blue Moon”, “Easy to Love”, “I’ve Got You Under My Skin” and “My Melancholy Baby” were sizable American successes—so much so that Bowlly gained his own radio series on NBC and traveled to Hollywood in 1936 to meet Bing Crosby, one of his biggest competitors.

He had appeared with his own band, the Radio City Rhythm Makers, but they had split by late 1937 when his vocal problems were traced to a wart in his throat, which briefly caused him to lose his voice. With him and Marjie separated and his band dissolved, that year he was once again down on his luck. He was forced to borrow money from friends for a trip to New York for the surgery of which he was so in need. In 1938, he finally returned to the United States to undergo successful major throat surgery for the removal of his vocal wart, but still had difficulties later in his career.

Later career

His absence from the UK in the early 1930s damaged his popularity with British audiences, despite his association with the gifted pianist, Monia Liter, as his accompanist. His career began to suffer as a result of problems with his voice from around 1936, which affected the frequency of his recordings. He played a few small parts in films around this time, yet never professed to be an actor. The parts he did play were often cut, and scenes that were shown were brief. Noble was offered a role in Hollywood although the offer did not, unfortunately, include Bowlly, as a singer had already been instated. Bowlly moved back to London with his wife Marjie in January 1937.

With his diminished success in Britain, he toured regional theatres and recorded as often as possible to make a living, moving from orchestra to orchestra, including those of Sydney Lipton, Geraldo and Ken Johnson. He underwent a revival from 1940, as part of a double act with Jimmy Messene (whose career had also suffered a recent downturn), with an act called Radio Stars with Two Guitars, performing on the London stage. It was his last venture before his death in April 1941.

The partnership was an uneasy one, as Messene suffered from a serious drinking problem by this stage, and was known to turn up incapable on stage, or to not turn up at all, much to Bowlly’s consternation. His last recorded song, made two weeks before his death, was a duet with Messene of Irving Berlin’s satirical song on Hitler, “When That Man is Dead and Gone”.

Personal life and death

In December 1931, Bowlly married Constance Freda Roberts in St Martin’s District, London, but Bowlly discovered his new wife in bed with another man on their wedding night. The couple separated after a fortnight, and sought a rapid divorce. He remarried in December 1934, this time to Marjie Fairless, the marriage lasting until his death (Freda remarried in 1965, dying in Richmond-upon-Thames in 1967).

On 16 April 1941, Bowlly and Messene had just given a performance at the Rex Cinema in Oxford Street, High Wycombe, now demolished. Both were offered the opportunity of an overnight stay in the town, but Bowlly opted to take the last train home to his flat at 32 Duke Street, Duke’s Court, St James, London. His decision proved to be fatal, as he was killed by a Luftwaffe parachute mine that detonated outside his flat at ten past three in the morning. His body appeared unmarked: although the massive explosion had not disfigured him, it had blown his bedroom door off its hinges and the impact against his head proved fatal. He was buried with other bombing victims in a mass grave at what is today known as Hanwell Cemetery, Uxbridge Road, Hanwell, where his name is given as Albert Alex Bowlly.

Legacy

Al Bowlly is sometimes credited with inventing crooning, or “The Modern Singing Style”, releasing a book of the same name. Bowlly experimented with new methods of amplification, not least with his Melody Maker advert, showing him endorsing a portable vocal megaphone. With the advent of the microphone in 1931, Al adapted his singing style, moving away from the Jazz singing style of the 20s, into the softer, more expressive crooning singing style used in popular music of the 1930s and 1940s. It was Bowlly’s technique, sincerity, diction and his personality that distinguish him from many other singers of the 1930s era.

Al is also credited with being the first “pop star”. Prior to the advent of Bowlly, the bandleaders were the stars and the main attractions, with the records being sold as “Ray Noble and his orchestra (with vocal refrain)”, a phenomenon that can be seen on 78s of the period. Most singers were all but anonymous; however, Al’s popularity changed this, with him being the first singer to be given a solo spot on BBC radio due to popular demand, and records appearing featuring his own name. Bowlly’s personality, good looks, charisma, and above all his voice, earned him the nickname “The Big Swoon”, with Al finding himself being mobbed by female fans for autographs and photos after his performances.

As well as singing, Bowlly played both the guitar and the ukulele, with Joyce Stone, Lew Stone’s wife, saying: “You only had to play anything once to Al and he’d got it.” Bowlly remains one of the most highly regarded singers of his era because of his extraordinary range, his command of pitch and rhythm, and, above all, the sincerity with which he could deliver a lyric. Ray Noble is often quoted as saying that Al often stepped away from the microphone with tears in his eyes; “never mind him making you cry, he could make himself cry!”

A Blue Plaque commemorating Bowlly was installed by English Heritage at Charing Cross Mansion, 26 Charing Cross Road, described as “his home at the pinnacle of his career”, in November 2013.

Director Stanley Kubrick used Al Bowlly’s music for the famous iconic American horror film: The Shining. It was used in reference to World War Two, which was Al Bowlly’s main age and cause of death. Kubrick’s The Shining partially got such successful ratings because of the atmosphere that Al Bowlly’s music contained.

29/03/2018

RECITAL ISMAELITA EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, ANOS 50.

Filed under: Recital Ismaelita em LM anos 50 — ABM @ 00:35

Imagem do blog Barakah.com, pertencente ao espólio da Família Jehangir Merchant, retocada.

 

Estudantes ismaelitas em Lourenço Marques durante um recital, anos 50.

A EQUIPA DO AGA KHAN CRICKET CLUB DE LOURENÇO MARQUES, ANOS 50

Imagem do blog Barakah.com, pertencente ao espólio da Família Jehangir Merchant, retocada.

 

xx

SUA ALTEZA O AGA KHAN EM LOURENÇO MARQUES, MAIO DE 1958

Foto copiada e retocada, do blog barakah.com, do espólio da Família Jehangir Merchant, que viveu na Cidade.

 

Sua Alteza o Aga Khan visita estudantes ismaelitas em Lourenço Marques, Maio de 1958.

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